The Valleys of Death in Refugee Crisis

International Journal On Cyber Situational Awareness (IJCSA)

ISSN: (Print) 2057-2182 ISSN: (Online) 2057-2182

DOI: 10.22619/IJCSA

Published Semi-annually. Est. 2014


Dr Cyril Onwubiko, Chair – Cyber Security & Intelligence, E-Security Group, Research Series, London, UK; IEEE UK & Ireland Section Secretary

Associate Editors:

Professor Frank Wang, Head of School / Professor of Future Computing, Chair IEEE Computer Society, UK&RI, School of Computing, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK

Dr Thomas Owens, Senior Lecturer & Director of Quality, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Brunel University, London, UK

The Valleys of Death in Refugee Crisis

Jasmina Marić


The paper analyses the risks of a potential “Valley of Death” in the development of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) for refugees’ social integration. Today’s refugee crisis is distinct from previous ones because of the remarkable refugees’ reliance on technology. While academic literature widely accepts that ICT deployment is especially relevant to refugees’ social integration, little is done in terms of understanding that ICT impact requires a convergence of conditions of which ICT is only one of them. The paper questions the extent to which discrepancy between the ICT demand and supply creates a vacuum in the field of ICT for social inclusion. We put under the magnifying glass performance of ICT mobile solution specifically developed for refugees’ social integration, parallel with refugees’ testimonials on their everyday mobile usage practices. Finally, after identifying that ICT solution for refugees’ social integration is in the “valley of death” this study argues that ICT does not operate alone. Social inclusion is a bilateral social process that places demand on both refugees and the hosting society.

Keyword: Social media, social integration, mobile apps, immigration, innovation, invention, EU studies.

ISSN: 2057-2182

Volume 2. No. 1

DOI: 10.22619/IJCSA.2017.100114

Date: Nov. 2017

Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Marić, J. (2017). The Valleys of Death in Refugee Crisis. International Journal on Cyber Situational Awareness, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp49-68.

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